Crimes Against Kurds

The following pages include adult news media items some of which contain
scenes of violence.

On clicking to enter you are confirming that you are an Adult (18+)
and that you are aware of the nature of the media items on the following pages.

Crimes Against Kurds

Thursday 15th April, 2021.

Human Rights Organization calls for independent commission on crimes carried out in Afrin. Cebrail Mustefa, a member of the Afrin Human Rights Organization, called for the establishment of an independent commission to investigate the crimes committed in Afrin, saying they are war crimes. Afrin was occupied by the Turkish state and its mercenaries on 18 March 2018. Since then attacks against civilians, nature and historical sites, have been increasing by the day.

Saturday 3rd April, 2021.

The first phase of the Humanitarian and Security Operation in Hol Camp was completed yesterday. Internal Security Forces announced that 125 ISIS secret cell members were arrested. The Hol camp is considered one of the most dangerous places in the world and stands as a symbol of the refusal of the international community to take responsibility for ISIS families. Over forty people have been murdered in the camp since the beginning of the year. The camp houses 62,000 people including some refugees and tens of thousands of family members of ISIS jihadists from 52 nations.

Wednesday 17th March, 2021.

Women from Afrin: The Resistance of the Age continues. Afrin women in Shehba spoke about the 4th anniversary of the occupation of Afrin by Turkey, stressing that the Resistance of the Age continues, and they will resist until Afrin is liberated.The Turkish state occupied Afrin on 18 March 2018 following a military assault with heavy weapons on January 20, 2018. Women who migrated to Shehba after the occupation of Afrin spoke to ANHA on the anniversary of the occupation and stated that their resistance continues.

Thursday 11th March, 2021.

Soldiers of the Turkish army attacked a family trying to cross the Rojava-Bakur (West-North Kurdistan) border. According to reports, the family from the village of Xezna in Zirgan district of Heseke was attacked in the region of Ibrahimiyah and Faqira villages at the border with North Kurdistan. The attack on Tuesday left an 11-year-old minor by the name of Adil Ebduleziz dead.

Friday 19th February, 2021.

A group of Turkish-backed jihadists attempted an infiltration near Til Temir this afternoon. The mercenaries attempted to infiltrate the self-ruled area between the village of al-Dardara and a Russian checkpoint. The attempt resulted in a detonation of a mine that killed three jihadists and injured others. After the failed attempt, the Russian military mediated so that the dead could be recovered.

Saturday 6th February, 2021.

The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) on Thursday announced they launched a new operation in response to the killing of two female officials by Islamic State two weeks ago. The SDF media center said in a statement that its fighters launched a large-scale operation on Thursday from the town of Deir al-Zor to the Iraqi border. Hind Latif al-Khadir, co-head of the Tal al-Chayir council, and Economy Committee Co-head Sa’da Faysal al-Hermas were kidnapped from their homes in Hasakah province and killed.

Friday 22nd January, 2021.

Two women named as Hind Latif al-Khadir, who was Head of the Economy Committee of Til Shayir, and Sa'da Faysal al-Hermas, who was co-president of Til Shayir People Council, were found shot dead after being abducted from their homes, according to the Rojava Information Center. In a statement, Hasakah Canton Council blamed Islamic State (ISIS) sleeper cells for the murders. Both women had received death threats over the past several months for their work with the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria (AANES).

Tuesday 12th January, 2021.

ISIS/Daesh increases attacks in Raqqa as Turkish-backed forces shell Ain al-Issa. One expert noted that the Russia and Syrian regime attempts to push the SDF to withdraw from the Ain al-Issa area and shelling by Turkish-backed rebels is “giving ISIS cells greater ability to conduct attacks deep behind the SDF lines.” The so-called Islamic State has claimed seven terrorist attacks in Syria’s Raqqa province in the past ten days.

Saturday 26th December, 2020.

The Rojava-based Hawar News Agency (ANHA) reported that Turkish-backed mercenaries stormed houses in the villages of Xirbet Hemid to the east of the Turkish-occupied Serekaniye (Ras al-Ain) city late in the evening of December 24th. Citing local sources, the agency wrote that a youngster by the name of Yahya Ibrahim El Isa was abducted to an unknown location during the raids of the jihadists. The sources said that the dead body of the young man, with a few bullet marks, was found in the vicinity of the village yesterday morning.

Tuesday 15th December, 2020.

Ambassadors and international human rights organizations called for the establishment of an international court to prosecute ISIS gangs. Morse Tan stated that a court similar to the Nuremberg Court where the fascist German leader Hitler was tried should be established.

Saturday 5th December, 2020.

Afrin resident speaks of torture for a year and a half. Like many Afrin residents, young man M.A. decided to stay in his home, but he did not know that he would spend the next years of his life under torture in the basements of the occupation prisons. Only twenty days had passed since the occupation of Afrin when the mercenaries of al-Jabha al-Shamiyyah raided his house with three cars loaded with heavy weapons. It was not an ordinary arrest, but he was beaten and tortured inside the house, and then they blindfolded him and took him to the security department

Sunday 22nd November, 2020.

SDF (Syrian Democratic Forces) special units and the International Coalition forces carried out two simultaneous and joint operations in Al-Harijiyah and Al-Ezbah areas in Deir ez-Zor countryside. According to the statement by SDF Media Center, five terrorists were arrested and a quantity of ammunition and technical equipment was seized during the operation.

Wednesday 4th November, 2020.

The Turkish state and allied mercenaries continue committing war crimes against civilians in Syria. A man, woman and child from the same family were kidnapped after having their home in Til Temir town in the vicinity of the M4 highway stormed by the occupiers. The aftermath of the family remains unknown.

Tuesday 27th October, 2020.

A mass grave containing the remains of 26 people from the same tribe has been discovered in the Badiya Jam region of Deir ez-Zor, Syria. The mass grave was found on Monday. 25 of the total 26 corpses found in the grave have been identified. All victims are members of the Shietat tribe. The remains have been buried in the cemetery in the town of Abu Hamam. During three weeks of genocidal attacks in July and August 2014, ISIS mercenaries massacred numerous people from the Shietat tribe. As many as 1200 people were murdered in these attacks.

Sunday 25th October, 2020.

The attacks of the Turkish and jihadist occupation forces on the autonomous regions in northern and eastern Syria continued on Saturday evening. According to ANHA, the villages of Hoşan and Xalidiyê as well as the Saqir way station near Ain Issa were attacked with heavy weapons in the late evening. In the north of Til Temir, artillery shells were fired at the village of Derdara. The villages of Hewşeriyê and Toxhar in the northeast of Manbij were also bombed with heavy weapons, damaging homes.

Sunday 4th October, 2020.

Kurdish civilian Muhammad Emir, who was abducted from Afrin in northwestern Syria by occupation troops, is said to have committed suicide in prison in Elbistan, Turkey. The case raises questions, since Emir was abducted to Turkey by the Turkish army in spring 2018 and taken into custody there under Turkish law on charges of "membership in a terrorist organization" - for alleged crimes he is said to have committed in Syria. It is unclear in what way the man is said to have taken his own life. The prison management was not available for a statement. The death register in the Maraş province only shows that Muhammad Emir was born in 1963 and died on October 2, 2020.

Wednesday 23rd September, 2020.

A video posted on social media on September 11 shows an operation to arrest five women and six children belonging to the Islamic State organization. They had tried to escape, hidden in a tanker, from the Al-Hol camp, the largest in Syria, which is home to thousands of internally displaced persons including several thousand jihadist families, held by Kurdish fighters from the Syrian Democratic Forces since the end of 2018. These escape attempts are frequent according to the SDF, and primarily endanger the children of these prisoners.

Thursday 17th September, 2020.

In a Twitter post on the documented facts, Commander-in-Chief of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Mazloum Abdi said: “The report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry is a just small part of the war crimes committed by the armed factions against our people in Afrin, Serekaniye and Tal Abyad, with political cover from Turkey. The international community should hold the parties accountable for war crimes and take serious action to prosecute the perpetrators of these crimes and bring them to justice.”

Sunday 6th September, 2020.

The Women Defend Rojava campaign has published a report on human rights violations in Turkish-occupied Afrin. Two and a half years after Turkey and its jihadist allies invaded the predominantly Kurdish region of Afrin in northwestern Syria, excessive violence, looting and expulsions continue to occur in the formerly self-governing canton. There are almost daily reports of kidnappings, arbitrary arrests, torture, rape and murder in the occupied territories. The cases are increasing from month to month and are becoming more and more brutal as the activities of the jihadists become part of everyday life.

Monday 24th August, 2020.

For the eighth time, Turkey and affiliated local councils use water to blackmail in COVID-19 pandemic. 89 organizations denounce Turkey's repeated water cut to hundreds of thousands of people in Syria's North East. The Alok water pumping station, which is located east of the city of Ras al-Ayn/Sere Kaniye and has 30 wells, which can pump up to 175.000 cubic meters per day, supplies drinkable water to around 800.000 people besides being the main source to fill the tanker trucks that carry water to the makeshift camps of al-Hawl, al-Areesha (or al-Sadd) and Washo Kani (or al-Twaina), according to the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Wednesday 12th August, 2020.

Turkish intelligence launched a wide campaign of arbitrary arrests in the city of Afrin and its countryside in northwestern Syria, arresting 17 Kurdish civilians, local sources said. The sources reported that the civilians were arrested on charge of being affiliated to the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), a key ally to the US-led global coalition in fighting against the Islamic State (ISIS) group in Syria. Turkish Ministry of Defense on Tuesday claimed the individuals arrested in Afrin to be members of the SDF and their leading component, the People’s Protection Units (YPG).

Tuesday 4th August, 2020.

Some healthcare workers caught Covid-19 in the city of Hesekê, Rojava, Kurdistan. Health Council Co-chair Ciwan Mustafa said that among the 5 people who tested positive in Hesekê, there were healthcare professionals. Stating that the number of coronavirus cases is not high in Rojava, Ciwan Mustafa stated that the epidemic is under control. According to the data of the Health Board, Covid-19 has been detected in 30 people in Rojava so far. There was no loss of life. The Autonomous Administration announced on July 24 that a series of measures were taken against the epidemic, from the closing of the border gates to the ban on collective activities.

Saturday 18th July, 2020.

The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria calls upon the whole world to hold Turkey to account for smuggling ISIS members and implicit and explicit support for ISIS. The Turkish secret service MIT has freed a Moldovan female member of ISIS and her children held in the Hol (al-Hawl) camp in Hesekê in northeast Syria and handed them over to Moldova. The "rescue operation", according to a report by the official news agency AA, apparently took place at the request of the government of the South-East European country.

Wednesday 1st July, 2020.

Women Defend Rojava has issued a new report titled ‘Women under Turkish occupation. Femicide and gender-based violence as systematic practice of the Turkish occupation in Afrin’.The dossier documents violence against women in Afrin, proceeding from Turkey and the jihadist groups supported by Turkish state. Since Turkey attacked and occupied the north-western region of Syria at the beginning of 2018, people, specially women, have repeatedly been subjected to abductions, violence, including in particular sexual violence, and murder.

Sunday 28th June, 2020.

Turkey’s jihadist proxies involved in the occupation of North-East Syria have set fire to agricultural land in Qasimiyah village of Til Temir (Tal Tamr). The fire started at 10 pm Saturday evening and quickly spread to a larger area due to the wind. Since the beginning of May, Rojava has been suffocating again in field fires started by Turkish occupation forces and their jihadist allies.

Friday 5th June, 2020.

SDF operation continues: 21 ISIS members arrested. The SDF have been conducting a major operation against ISIS cells in the Deir ez-Zor region for more than 24 hours. 21 jihadists have been arrested so far. The international coalition is providing air support. According to current information, the operation is scheduled to last one week.

Friday 22nd May, 2020.

Only one of the 16 hospitals in the north-east is fully functioning and more than half of all public health centres are out of service. Sporadic water shortages disrupt daily life and weaken people’s ability to take basic hygiene precautions against COVID-19. In some places, generators have become the only source of power. Families have been displaced repeatedly, often left with no choice but to return to towns and villages where public services have collapsed.

Friday 1st May, 2020.

Deir Ez-zor Province – ISIS armed members attacked a checkpoint affiliated to Syria Democratic Forces in Daman village in the eastern countryside of Deir Ez-zor. The attack left an Iraqi ISIS member dead, while five SDF members sustained injuries.

Yesterday, sources monitored an attack by four members of ISIS cell on an SDF military vehicle near the gas plant in Jadidat Akidat town in eastern countryside of Deir ez-zor. The attack left three SDF fighters injured.

Wednesday 22nd April, 2020.

Ali Ahmed, 74, from the town of Medanki, in the Sharran district of Afrin, lost his life today due to the wounds he sustained. According to a local source, Ali was beaten with sticks after he objected to grazing livestock belonging to elements of the "Sultan Murad", in his field. This is the second crime against the elderly this week in Afrin as Kurdish woman, Fatima Ibrahim Kana, 80, was found dead in her home in the village of Haikja on April 18th, 2020, signs of strangulation were found around her neck as well as clear traces of a beating on her body.

Saturday 18th April, 2020.

The Jihadist militias linked with the Turkish army recruited two children to carry out a suicide attack against the Kurdish troops of the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in north of Syria.

A Turkey-backed Jihadist group sent two children, aged less than 15, disguised as shepherds, to carry out a suicide attack on SDF troops. One of the children blew himself up before reaching the SDF target, injuring the second child in explosive vest. The SDF in a nearby position managed to arrest the injured child and took him for treatment.

Sunday 5th April, 2020.

Turkey released Faisal Blou, known as Emir (Prince) Abu Ahmed, a former official of ISIS responsible for murders and kidnappings of Syrians after he was held in a prison of a Turkish-backed group in Tal Abyad.

The former ISIS official was responsible for the killings and kidnappings of dozens of civilians during the ISIS control period, as the report included a testimony about Blou’s role in the killing of five members of a family who had been displaced from Raqqa to Tal Abyad in 2015.

Wednesday 25th March, 2020.

The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) voiced support for UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres’ call the previous day for a global ceasefire in order to focus on fighting the coronavirus.

“The General Command of the Syrian Democratic Forces declares its commitment to global efforts which aim to combat coronavirus with support and effective response to this situation,” the SDF Command said in a statement.

Thursday 19th March, 2020.

Turkey’s invasion of the northwest Syrian district of Afrin two years ago led to widespread ethnic cleansing and displaced some 180,000 Kurds, fundamentally upending the region’s long-established demographics. Before the Syrian conflict began in 2011, Afrin was estimated to have a population of 400,000, but that increased significantly when between 200,000 and 300,000 displaced Syrians sought sanctuary in the region. Syrian Kurdish officials said Afrin’s population was 85 percent Kurdish before the invasion, but said two years later, the Kurdish population had been reduced to 20 percent.

Wednesday 11th March, 2020.

Turkish occupation experts destroy “Tel Andib” in search for antiquities. In this context, the Turkish occupation continues to steal and destroy archaeological sites in the Afrin region, where more than twenty archaeological sites have been documented which have been vandalized by the Turkish occupier and the militants of Islamic militias, which are hills, churches and castles, also, the ruins of the village of Albiskeh were stolen and destroyed, including mosaic paintings.

Wednesday 26th February, 2020.

Turkish Bombardments Kill Three Members of Kurdish Family in Afrin. According to a human rights monitoring group, the bombardments were focused on the villages of Aqibe and Sokhanke, as the result of which, a couple with their 12-year-old daughter were killed.

The family were originally from Bremja village, but they escaped to Aqiba in 2018 after Turkey attacked their areas.

Sunday 23rd February, 2020.

The mercenaries of the Turkish occupation kidnapped five civilians among them two women from Om AlKeif village in the countryside of Tel Tamr city. The fate of them is still unknown.

Monday 17th February, 2020.

Turkish Mercenaries have kidnapped a young woman from Efrîn. Her name is Eyşe Xelîl Kadro and she is from Efrîn's Kefer Sefrê village in Cindirese district. Her fate is unknown but knowing the Mercenaries crimes to women we fear the worst.

Sunday 16th February, 2020.

Suad Mustafa, the Mother of slain Hevrin Khalaf, female Syrian Kurdish politician, called on the UN, the US, human rights organizations, and international courts for justice, saying, “I want Erdogan to be held responsible for this crime. Hevrin devoted her life to unity and brotherhood of all people in the region. Every perpetrator should be tried for her assassination.”

Monday 10th February, 2020.

The Islamic State (IS) has executed one civilian for cooperating with the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).

Members of the Islamic State sleeper cells broke into the house of a civilian in Al-Hawaij village in the eastern countryside of Deir ez-Zor they then took the civilian to the village’s desert, and then cut his head off with a sharp object. "Then, they brought his body to the village center and they o pened fired into the air, for dealing with SDF.

Thursday 30th January, 2020.

Kurdish Girl, Zuleika Ottman, was kidnapped by Abu Ali of Erdogan's Hamza Mercenaries from Hêsen village in Efrîn's Reco District, 10 days ago. She was received in an Idlib Hospital suffering from severe internal bleeding from rape, she has been placed in intensive care.

Sunday 19th January, 2020.

Mohamed Fatih's group kidnapped a group of 10 civilians from the village of Ko in Afrin, including three women. The three women are: Amina Kg, Hatice Hassan and Hatice Mohamed. Among the men taken are: Ahmed Mustafa, Bhagat Hassan, Good Arif, Bhagat Mukhtar and Mustafa Hassan.

It is reported that the kidnapped are mostly civilians who were previously investigated for dealing with Kurdish self-administration.

Saturday 11th January, 2020.

The body of a 5-year-old girl named Erwa, who disappeared a month ago in Efrin, was found in an olive orchard in Mabeta. FSA gangs say that the small child froze to death, but some sources say the child died as a result of sexual abuse by the gangs. If she had frozen to death in the olive orchard she would have been found long before so their story can not be true but sadly her death won't be investigated properly either.

Friday 3rd January, 2020.

Mahmoud Omari Hassan, born in 1992, has cerebral palsy and he has been arrested, beaten and detained in Serê Kaniyê (Ras al-Ain). A doctor who has been treating Mahmoud for the past 20 years stated he would be in serious danger if left without medical attention. Mahmoud is being kept in Ras al-Ain with a group known as Hamzat affiliated to the Turkish-backed militia with the misleading name, the Syrian National Army (SNA). It is openly and directly supported by Ankara.

Thursday 2nd January, 2020.

A protest took place in Gre Spi (Tel Abyad) today, demanding that the fighter with Faylaq al-Majd, a Turkish-backed faction, who killed a local taxi driver Ammar Al-Hajji, during a robbery attempt, be handed over for execution.

A local source said that Ammar al-Hajji, who worked as a taxi driver in Gre Spi (Tel Abyad), took some militants of the Turkish-backed armed militia of Failaq al-Majd, to the village of Kendar. When they arrived, Turkish affiliated militants tried to steal al-Hajji's car and his money, but he resisted them, prompting them to kill him.

Tuesday 17th December, 2019.

Commander of Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Mazlum Abdi, has once again accused Turkey of leading a campaign of ethnic cleansing against the Kurds in northern Syria. Abdi, whose fighters played a key role in defeating the Islamic State (IS) in Syria, said in an interview that Turkey has a plan for a demographic change in the Kurdish areas of north and northeast Syria through, what Abdi calls, “an invasion”.

The SDF have also accused Turkey of continuing its attacks on the Kurdish-held areas, saying that a number of US-backed Kurdish fighters were killed recently.

Friday 13th December, 2019.

It is alleged Abdo Othman Hamza Cmndr has commited countless crimes against the people of Syria, mostly to the people of Efrîn where it is claimed he along with his gangs have murdered, extorted, kidnapped, burned properties and looted. Witnesses claim in particular Hamza cmndr Abdo Othman took part in the crime of suffocating an elderly lady to death.

Several reports are now indicating he has left Syria for Holland in Europe.

Wednesday 4th December, 2019.

Today 10 people were laid to rest (8 of them children, 2 were elderly) after a Turkish mortar strike on a school in the village of Tel Rifat, Syria on Monday. The youngest was the 3-year-old Abdullah Fattah Aliko. French President Emmanuel Macron came forward during the NATO summit by criticizing Turkey’s approach in Northeast Syria, “The common enemy today is the terrorist groups. I’m sorry to say, we don’t have the same definition of terrorism around the table,” and went onto call out Turkey’s relationship with ISIS, “When I look at Turkey they are fighting against those who fought with us shoulder to shoulder against ISIS (Islamic State) and sometimes they work with ISIS proxies.”

Wednesday 20th November, 2019.

Turkish drone strike on a civilian truck in Qerosol village, Kobane countryside early evening today.

Rokisan (22) and her sister Newroz, (25) were wounded and after arriving at Kobane hospital they have been transferred on to Manbij. Two deaths are confirmed - one is their brother, Nizam Mahmoud Feto (20) the other is their cousin, Haci Hemed Sali.

Tuesday 19th November, 2019.

Reports indicate that 40 Turkish soldiers, including a Major General, have been recalled to Hatay after being implicated in human trafficking in Afrin.

A pro-Free Syrian Army Telegram channel posted evidence of the ring early this week after Turkish officials refused to release a FSA-affiliated media worker. Photographs of official identity cards belonging to at least two Turkish security personnel were published, along with photographs of some of their victims.

Saturday 14th November, 2019.

The west can expect major ISIS attacks thanks to Syria failure Kurdish General Mazloum Kobani warns.

"The Turkish offensive into SDF-held territory—also known as Rojava—had taken the pressure off ISIS fighters who survived the Western-backed campaign to destroy their so-called caliphate in Syria. The danger of the resurgence of ISIS is very big. And it's a serious danger. I think there are many people who don't know this but it's true. The Turkish aggression opened the space and provided hope for ISIS members."

Sunday 3rd November, 2019.

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres appeared to back a Turkish plan to settle millions of mostly Arab refugees from other parts of Syria in an area where more than 180,000 Kurds had been forced to flee in recent weeks.

The UN also did not say the 180,000 civilians, which its own experts have recorded fleeing, have a right to return to their homes in northern Syria. Instead the UNHCR, will now be asked to study the proposal to replace them with 3.6 million other Syrian refugees who live in Turkey.

Sunday 27th October, 2019.

Last night the cumulative work of 70 USA soldiers, 50 Kurdistan Peshmerga forces, and 100 Kurdish led Syrian Democratic forces (SDF) came to fruition in the operations which killed the Islamic State Caliph Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in Barisha village, Idlib, North West Syria.

"A successful historical operation as a result of joint intelligence work with the United States" said SDF General Commander Mazloum Abdi.

Thursday 24th October, 2019.

Kurdish General Mazloum Kobani Abdi, 52, leader of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) is a “wanted terrorist” and the US must hand him over to Turkey, Erdogan said in an interview with state-owned TRT.

On Sunday, Commander Mazlum Kobani of SDF said he had been invited to visit Washington but declined to say by whom or when he might go.

Tuesday 22nd October, 2019.

Russia and Turkey announced a wide-ranging agreement that would establish joint Russian and Turkish patrols along much of the Turkish and Syrian border within six days to create a "Safe Zone". The Russian-Turkish agreement says Kurdish militias must withdraw into Syrian territory beyond 30 km from the Turkish border.

The SDF have not announced acceptance of this agreement however they have agreed to the new 150 hour ceasefire.

Friday 18th October, 2019.

Turkey started bombing and shelling Serekaniye (Ras Al-Ain) this morning after they announced ceasefire.

YPJ commander in Serekaniye (Ras Al-Ain) countryside says that Turkish-backed factions are reassuring one another over radios that they will not back down or stop fighting even if there is a ceasefire.

Thursday 17th October, 2019.

Turkish military shells Ras Al-Ain Hospital in conjunction with the announcement of the ceasefire by the U.S.A. and Turkish sides.

Third time today so far and there are reports of civilian casualties in the hospital.

Thursday 17th October, 2019.

Peace agreement has been made between U.S.A. and Turkey.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu: We've agreed with Washington that the Turkish forces will be in control of the safe zone in northern Syria. A five-day Turkish cease-fire in northern Syria has been agreed to allow for a Kurdish withdrawal from a 32 mile safety zone along the Turkey Syria border.

Tuesday 15th October, 2019.

Serekaniye (Ras al-Ain) - Kurdish fighters battled to defend a key border town from Turkish-backed forces today as Russia seized on the US withdrawal to move its troops into new areas.

- Erdogan vows to continue -

Tuesday 15th October, 2019.

As Turkey continues its onslaught of northeast Syria, the Syrian Kurds are using a sophisticated network of tunnels and other battlefield tactics to recapture some of the territory seized by Turkish-backed forces.

The group built a defensive network of tunnels beneath key towns throughout northeast Syria as a contingency against a Turkish invasion. Now, with U.S. troops evacuating and no U.S. air support, the Kurdish fighters are successfully using the tunnels to defend the border towns.

Tuesday 15th October, 2019.

- Families are sleeping on floor of schools without blankets or mattresses

- Lack of food, especially bread, maternal milk, drinking water and hygiene stations

- The city oven cannot feed the refugee influx, so village ovens are being used to distribute bread to the schools.

Tuesday 15th October, 2019.

Which groups are fighting on Turkey's side in Syria?

Monday 14th October, 2019.

Kurdish forces strike deal with Damascus, Moscow to repel Turkey.

The announcement represents a major shift in alliances for Syria's Kurds, who were longtime partners with the U.S.A. in the fight against the Islamic State militant group. The decision also sets up a potential clash between Turkey and the Syrian government and raises the possibility of a resurgent Islamic State group.

Saturday 12th October, 2019.

Kurds accuse Turkey of using white phosphorus on civilian targets.

In a statement issued, the Kurdish administration said Turkey had resorted to their use because of unexpectedly stiff resistance by Kurdish fighters in the key border town of Ras al-Ain.

Wednesday 9th October, 2019.

Turkey launches offensive against U.S.-allied Kurdish forces in northern Syria.

Turkey’s government launched a long-expected offensive into northeastern Syria on today, with airstrikes and shelling targeting Syrian Kurdish fighters who have played a central role in aiding the U.S.-led battle against the Islamic State militant group. Turkey’s goal is to push back the Syrian Kurds, considered enemies by Turkey, from the border region. Turkey also claims the buffer region would be fit for the resettlement of millions of Syrian refugees residing in Turkey.

Monday 7th October, 2019.

USA to let Turkish forces move into Syria, dumping Kurdish allies!

The White House has given the green light to a Turkish offensive into northern Syria, moving US forces out of the area in an abrupt foreign policy change that will in effect abandon the Kurds, Washington’s longtime military partner. Kurdish forces have spearheaded the campaign against Islamic State in the region, but the policy swerve, after a phone conversation between Donald Trump and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on yesterday.